Renewable energy is defined as an energy harvest from the Renewable resources which naturally replenishes itself without any depletion of the resources caused by the over usage or over consumption. For example, Sun, Water, Tide, Waves, Geothermal heat energy, Biogas are renewable energy resources. It provides energy mainly in different areas as air/ water cooling/ heating, transportation, electricity generation, Off-grid energy services.
As per the latest update, Norway is home to the world’s first non-emission ferry, it works on renewable energy instead of diesel. The batteries get charged using renewable energy, far better than the traditional ferry which uses million litres of diesel annually and emits 2700 tons of CO2 and 37 tons of nitrous oxide. As per the annual climate change agencies around 1000 million tons of CO2 in a year is pumped out by the Maritime transport and is also responsible for emission of 3% of global greenhouse gases.
We all know that sustainable development can be successfully achieved by using renewable energy, there are past reports about how the world is changing and working together to save our environment.
Based on REN21’s 2018 reports- Modern use of bioenergy for heating is growing slowly due to a lack of policy attention and to low fossil fuel prices. Bioenergy is the largest renewable contributor to global final energy demand, providing approximately 13% of the total. Global additions to hydropower capacity in the year 2017 was an estimated 19 GW, total capacity to 1,114 GW approximately. China remained the perennial leader in commissioning new hydropower capacity, accounting for nearly 40% of new installations in 2017, and was followed by Brazil, India, Angola and Turkey. Whereas, Geothermal power capacity was bringing the global total to around 12.8 GW. Indonesia and Turkey accounted for three-fourths of new capacity, installations also came online in Chile, Iceland, Honduras, Mexico, the United States, Japan, Portugal and Hungary. 529 megawatts (MW) approximately of operating ocean energy capacity at the end of 2017, more than 90% was represented by two tidal barrage facilities. Ocean energy technologies deployed in open waters (excluding tidal barrage), as tidal stream and wave energy saw new capacity come online in the waters of Scotland. Solar PV was the top source of new power generating capacity in 2017, due largely to strong growth in China, with more solar PV installed globally than the net additions of fossil fuels and nuclear power combined. Global capacity increased nearly one-third, to approximately 402 GW. Wind power had its third strongest year ever, with more than 52 GW added (about 4% less than in 2016) for a total of 539 GW. China saw installations decline for the second year running, while Europe and India had record years.
DREA (Distributed renewables for energy access) systems are increasingly being considered as a solution to achieve energy access goals. About 14% of the global population live without electricity, and about 38% of the global population are without clean cooking facilities.
The global market of renewable energy reached $432.7 billion in 2013 (excluding biofuels) and $476.3 billion in 2014. This market is expected to increase to $777.6 billion in 2019, with a compound annual growth rate of 10.3% from 2014 to 2019.
With the data above it can be visualised how the world is shifting its focus to renewable energy. More and summits or international conferences are being organised by top leader, agencies, government organisations for more awareness and sustainable development. Conferences like 2019 Environment and Climate Change conference 2019 going to held at Singapore from September 10-11, 2019 focuses mainly on climate change, global warming and its effects, sustainable development, corporate sustainability, geology, entomology, renewable energy, harnessing green energy and more. It is the World Climate Change congress designed in such a way that leading corporate leaders, environmentalists, climate change experts or climatologists, non-profit organisations working for our environment, scientists etc. can easily participate in the global warming congress 2019 and can share their research, views and promote development.
Now the question to you is how you are contributing to cut down CO2 emission and supporting the new trend to GO GREEN.